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Millenium Development Goals

Drogba

The Millenium Development Goals (MDGs) were adopted by 192 United Nations members states in 2001. Although some question the value of setting yet more aspirational targets without seriously addressing the structural causes of poverty, the eight goals and 21 targets provide the framework for the whole development community.

Accounting for poverty: How international tax rules keep people poor Actionaid, 2009
Paper sets out some of the steps that need to be taken, at global and national level, so that developing country governments can fund poverty reduction efforts through taxation of multinational corporations in a way that reinforces their sovereignty and accountability to their citizens.

Biodiversity for the Millennium Development Goals: What local organisations can do IIED, 2007
Briefing paper shows that community-led conservation can contribute to human well-being and to the achievement of many MDGs, but remains small-scale, isolated and not integrated within the formal conservation sector.

Closing the Floodgates: collecting tax to pay for development Tax Justice Network, 2007
This report demonstrates the scale of capital flight and tax evasion is more than sufficient to finance the achievement of the MDGs.

Growth isn't working: The unbalanced distribution of benefits and costs from economic growth New Economics Foundation, 2006
Report questions whether economic growth is the best way to achieve MDG1, to halve the proportion of people living below one dollar-a-day.

International trade in biofuels: Good for development? And good for environment? IIED, 2007
Paper highlights inequality in the bio-fuels trade regimes and the urgency of mapping a path for the global biofuels industry that supports sustainable development.

The Millennium Development Goals: A Critique from the South Samir Amin in Monthly Review March 2006
This article argues that althought the MDGs seems unobjectionable, they were not the result of an initiative from the South itself, but were pushed primarily by the the United States, Europe, and Japan, and were co-sponsored by the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. This has raised the question of whether they are mainly ideological cover for neoliberal initiatives.

The morning after the night before: the impact of the financial crisis on the developing world Christian aid, 2008
Report linking the credit crunch to the same secret global financial systems that have impoverished the Majority World for decades.

Narrowing the gaps to meet the goals Unicef, 2010
A flagship report defines an equity-based approach to children's health and development – focusing on extending services to the most marginalised children – and compares it to the current mainstream strategies for achieving the health-related MDGs for children.

Tax havens: releasing the hidden millions for poverty eradication Oxfam, 2000
Important paper which argues that offshore tax havens are a key part of the global poverty problem.

Trees, poverty and targets. Forests and the Millennium Development Goals IIED, 2007
Briefing paper provides evidence of the importance of forest resources to poverty mitigation – serving as subsistence ‘safety nets’ or low income ‘gap fillers’. They are an essential part of achieving the MDGs but sustainable forestry is neglected by policy makers.

Who's Really Fighting Hunger ActionAid, 2010
Evaluation of progress on MDG targets for halving extreme poverty and hunger by 2015. The HungerFree scorecard shows a great divide between countries that are more or less on track (Brazil, China) and those that are very far from it (DR Congo, Burundi).

Whose Freedom? Millenium Development Goals as if people matter! Actionaid International, 2005
A key report representing the views of 342,225 poor and excluded people from 5,000 villages across 19 Majority World countries. It examines each of the MDGs from a human rights and social justice perspective and offers a more holistic and realistic agenda for eradicating poverty and injustice.

Weblinks

MDG Monitor is designed as a one-stop-shop for information on progress towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), globally and at the country level.

End Poverty 2015 portal to UN's MDG-related programmes

United Nations Development Programme is the UN agency at the forefront of trying to achieve the MDGs.